Re: suggested proposals for federal election integrity legislation

From: Kathy Dopp <kathy_dot_dopp_at_gmail_dot_com>
Date: Tue Nov 28 2006 - 15:23:34 CST


I still have to study the stuff from Arthur Keller and Richard Dawson
on public disclosure, but here is the revised short recommendations
list. I seem to still disagree with most of you with respect to degree
requirements because there is a critical need to remove unqualified
persons currently on the TGDC, without attempting to revamp the entire
carefully considered TGDC appointment procedure outlined in HAVA -
although I did bend slightly to opinion.

I would appreciate specific wording for changes to #9 and #14 or for
detailed comments for them, but otherwise, I will begin studying
Arthur and Richard's comments. I cannot get the list of experts done
by today unfortunately so will finish and submit it ASAP.

Arthur, I added another item #15 to handle the majority of your
suggestions in the Detailed comments section.

Recommendations for Federal Legislation to Ensure the Integrity of our

These recommendations are the result of detailed discussions with the
foremost election integrity experts in the U.S., over a period of
several months. They are complex and technical because counting votes
is a complex process with many vulnerabilities. Protecting the vote
count is not a simple matter.

In the interest of brevity, we have omitted many technical details.
Below the list of recommendations are more detailed comments. A list
of experts who can provide details and answer questions will be
provided in a followup.


1. Manual Audits: Require manual audits of machine vote counts
sufficiently statistically valid to ensure that electronically-counted
election outcomes are correct.

2. Voter Service Reports: Require states to submit timely reports of
detailed election data that can be used to measure voter
disenfranchisement and voter service levels.

3. Auditable Voting Systems: Provide funds for upgrading voting
systems for jurisdictions that have un-auditable voting systems, but
fund only "fully-auditable" voting systems where all able bodied
voters directly record votes on a paper ballot that is voter-verified.

4. Fund Manual Audits and Voter Service Reports: Provide funds for
conducting sufficiently statistically valid manual audits of machine
vote counts and voter services in federal elections

5. Teeth: Provide certain and swift penalties whenever an election
jurisdiction fails in a transparency, auditing, or reporting

6. Public Election Records: Require election officials to make
publicly available in original paper and electronic form all election
data and records that would reveal fraud or errors in elections or are
necessary to verify voter service reports and manual audits, prior to
certification of results.

7. Election Monitoring Website: Create website containing a publicly
accessible database system for logging and tabulating voters'
complaints in elections; and for collecting and publicly displaying
the auditable, audit and voter service reports from the states.

8. Submission of Reports: Require state election officials to submit
all auditable, audit and voter service reports to the US GAO prior to
certification of results.

9. Public Disclosure of Voting System Software: Electronic versions of
all software used on voting machines, together with the compilation
configuration and procedures, and ballot definition files, should be
made available to computer security experts for review as a condition
of any further contracting.

10. Prohibit Certain Network Connections: Outlaw Wide Area Network
connections to, and wireless capability in, voting equipment and
prohibit voting through any network.

11. Qualifications for Technical Guidelines Development Committee:
Require members of the U.S. Election Assistance Commission's Technical
Guidelines Development Committee (TGDC) for voting systems to have at
least Masters level academic credentials in technical fields.

12. Public Right to Observe: Require jurisdictions to allow citizens
to observe all aspects of elections.

13. Vote Count Audit and Recount Committee: Create a U.S. Vote Count
Audit and Recount Committee whose functions include approving state
election audit and recount procedures and policies for election audits
and voter service data reports.

14. Repository for Voting System Disclosure: Fund a repository for
publicly disclosed voting system software.

15. Prohibit Practices that Disenfranchise Voters: See list in
Detailed comments.

Kathy Dopp
National Election Data Archive
Dedicated to Accurately Counting Elections
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Received on Thu Nov 30 23:17:16 2006

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