David Mertz, Ph.D.
Gnosis Software, Inc.
At A Glance
Creator: Guido van Rossum Price/License: Free Software (Python License) Home Page: http://python.org/ Requirements: Platform with Python and TCL/TK
Webreview readers who have followed my reviews of text editors have probably noticed that I frequently worry about enhanced modes for Python. I am one of those converts who just simply believes that Python is one of the best languages out there for doing web-development programming in a variety of areas; and what I want in a text editor is, in large part, a good way to write Python source code.
If a text editor is a good way to develop Python code, maybe a dedicated "integrated development environment (IDE)" is even better. With the near explosion of the Python community in the last couple years, a number of really fabulous IDEs have followed. Some of these simultaneously support development in other programming languages, but all of them provide programmers with an enhanced environment for application development that goes beyond what a "mere" text editor does.
In this first of a series of reviews of Python IDEs, I look at the IDE that almost every Python distribution includes right there in the standard bundle. If an IDE wants to sell itself (either in reputational terms, or for actual money) to developers, the first thing it needs to do is provide something more than users get "automatically" with Idle. Guido van Rossum has given IDE developers a good challenge to meet when he wrote Idle.
First thing, Idle requires Python, since it is written entirely
in Python. Next thing--possibly a slightly more stringent
requirement--Idle also requires TCL/TK, and Python's
module to access it. Many or most Python distribution include
TCL/TK in their package, and TCL/TK is in turn available for
most operating environments: Win32, Win16, Linux/X11, other
Unix-like OS's, BeOS, etc. Fortunately, Python 2.0
distributions like ActiveWorks' and PythonLabs' automatically
give you everything you need, including Idle itself.
Idle provides everything you would expect in a basic IDE (it is largely comparable to Perl Builder, which was reviewed for WR previously; except for the target language). When you start Idle you get a shell window much like the interactive shell that Python provides; from here you can type any Python code you might want to try out, and get interactive results on what the code does. Combined with importing modules as you go along, this interactive session can provide a surprisingly robust test environment. Still, other than a slightly enhanced cut-and-paste and scrollback capability, so far we are not much beyond the Python shell itself.
From the Idle interactive shell, menus let you open modules and scripts in a Python-aware editor, open class browsers and an environment path browser, perform a syntax check, run a script, view the stack, and open an interactive debugger. Many of those functions are only relevant once a script has been opened, of course. The menus are TK "tear-off" style; that is, clicking on the dashed line at the top of any pull-down menu will promote that menu to its own persistent window. The "Edit" menu in particular is nice if kept "docked" at the side of your desktop. Also consistent with its TK heritage, Idle utilizes a XWindow-ish multi-window interface; each function is opened in its own toplevel window rather than using MDI or pane styles.
The Idle editor has some nice customizations for Python work. Syntax highlighting is of good quality (it recognizes triple quote strings, which confuse many generic editors). Functions like tabify/untabify and comment/uncomment are Python-aware. Find and replace functions are well done, and fully regular-expression cognizant. One nifty extra is code-completion; the way code-completion is handled is not quite as ambitious as some IDEs and editors: you must press a keystroke to trigger it, and only defined names are completed, not whole code structures. But it is still a handy shortcut. Built-in, local and imported functions all provide you with a template pop-up as soon as you get to the opening parenthesis (which helps a lot in remembering parameters).
The rest of Idle's functionality is solid and workable, but
unspectacular. There is nothing in the way of RAD or visual
design. For CGI work, I cannot imagine what one would do with
such things; but for client applications, a GUI designer can
be useful. The browsers and debugger do what you expect. When
browsing classes/methods/etc, clicking on something in the tree
jumps you to the relevant source code. The debugger provides
breakpoints, stepping, and variable watches; but nothing so
fancy as poking at memory locations and variable contents, or
performing timings and other analyses. Truth be told, however,
my own idea of Python debugging is usually throwing in a few
A few glitches jump out in Idle--at least as of 0.6. At least on my Win95r2 machine (where I have been playing with it), pop-up templates have an annoying habit of staying on screen and blocking what you are trying to type. You can get rid of this by clicking the mouse somewhere, but doing so slows down your work, and breaks concentration.
Probably more important is that it is really easy to freeze up
Idle by running an errant script. For example, the code
while 1: x=1 winds up requiring a forced-close of Idle
itself, not just of that script's execution. Obviously, one
prefers not to write such code in the first place, but even the
plain-old Python interactive session lets you kill it with a
Ctrl-C (and the session with it, admittedly). But having to
kill a whole working arrangement of windows/files/breakpoints/
etc. just to end some bad code is an annoyance.
While not quite a glitch, per se, it would be nice if Idle had a concept of projects (or related files), or at very least a list of recently opened files. It is just too much work remembering and opening each seperate script/module you are interested in for a given context.
About The Author
David Mertz hopes in earnest that the next buzzword for the web will be "gnostic," its cognates, and related neologisms. Try out, "let's go gnosticate on the project," for euphony; perhaps it works. He hopes further that his prior art will support his linguistic patent. You can reach him at firstname.lastname@example.org, and find copious biographical details by rooting around at http://gnosis.cx/publish/.